A survey done in South Africa of how smokers are coping with the ban on cigarette sales during lockdown confirms how difficult it is for smokers once they are caught in addiction. Banning alcohol during lockdown has happened in some places across the globe including the capital of Greenland, Nuuk, Aisne in France and even South Africa. Along with the measures to ban tobacco imports and sales, governments have the opportunity to provide smokers with treatments to help them. In late March, in the midst of the coronavirus outbreak, the South African government banned the sale of tobacco and alcohol as part of a broad … doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0132401. These figures are higher than the rest of the continent, where about 14% of men and 2% of women smoke. The capital of Greenland, Nuuk, has banned the sales of alcohol, in an attempt to reduce violence against children, which authorities feared may increase during the lockdown. South Africa Demographic and Health Survey 2016. S Afr Med J. Disaster Management Act: Regulations to address, prevent and combat the spread of Coronavirus COVID-19: Amendment. The justifications behind the bans should be used in other countries to encourage smokers to quit. Vardavas CI, Nikitara K. COVID-19 and smoking: A systematic review of the evidence. The co-use of substances, especially by persons in vulnerable groups, could increase the risk of developing complications from COVID-19 if infected. The National Council Against Smoking’s quitline (011 720 3145), online materials (https://www.againstsmoking.co.za/) and the Cancer Association of South Africa’s online quit tobacco program (https://www.ekickbutt.org.za/) are some good resources accessible to tobacco users to help them quit. The ban on cigarette sales, which came in on 27 March, has been lifted South Africa has announced an easing of some lockdown restrictions beginning next month, citing economic concerns. South Africa (SA) imposed a 21-day lockdown from 26 March to 16 April 2020, through the disaster management Act (57/2002) and amended regulations [Section 27(2)]1, to contain the spread of the coronavirus in the country. There are also concerns about the implications on mental health when people are forced to give up their addictions during the lockdown10. India and Botswana have also banned the sale of tobacco products, and several other countries are considering following suit, according to the … 1,845 confirmed coronavirus cases in South Africa, with deaths up to 18. Barnoya J, Glantz SA. Such strategies will counter the tobacco industry’s strategies to negate government tobacco control efforts. 2019;19(1):1684. doi:10.1186/s12889-019-8047-8. Cigarette smoking affects both smokers and those exposed to secondhand smoke (SHS)8. 1. BusinessTech. At a time when COVID-19 is gripping the world, the pandemic should encourage countries to kickstart programmes and policies that encourage smokers to quit. Botswana needs to jump on to this opportunity. doi:10.18332/tid/119324. smoking: Implications for smoking cessation, International Society for the Prevention of Tobacco Induced Diseases. The WHO’s recommendation based on the review is that given the well-established harm associated with tobacco use and second-hand smoke exposure, “tobacco users stop using tobacco”. Githahu M. Coronavirus: Economists say SA economy is in for a rough ride. As of 8 April 2020, SA had conducted 63776 COVID-19 tests, had 1845 confirmed cases and 18 resulting deaths6. Council, Pretoria, South Africa, Department of Public Nkosazana Dlamini Zuma has finally explained in detail why the sale of tobacco products was banned during the lockdown. Since the start of the coronavirus pandemic, the world has seen lockdowns in many countries. The COVID-19 pandemic could particularly be problematic for SA given the high prevalence of diabetes, tuberculosis and HIV in the country, compounded by substance use problem even among vulnerable populations7. As COVID-19 is primarily a disease affecting the respiratory system, smokers are therefore more vulnerable. 2005;111(20):2684-2698. doi:10.1161/circulationaha.104.492215. In more than 28 countries, tobacco and e-cigarette companies have used social media and other marketing tactics to launch pandemic-themed promotions, undermine minimum age purchase restrictions meant to protect youth and make unproven and illegal health claims. South African Government. labels in France during COVID-19, The future of sustainability in the context of COVID-19, Tobacco and COVID-19: Understanding the science and policy The association argued that Dlamini Zuma is not legally permitted to ban the sale of cigarettes during Level 4 of the lockdown. The prohibition and the response have attracted global headlines. National Department of Health (NDoH), Statistics South Africa (Stats SA), South African Medical Research Council (SAMRC), ICF. Dear Editor, South Africa (SA) imposed a 21-day lockdown from 26 March to 16 April 2020, through the disaster management Act (57/2002) and amended regulations [Section 27(2)]1, to contain the spread of the coronavirus in the country. 2020; Nkonki L, Fonn S. Decisive and strong leadership and intersectoral action from South Africa in response to the COVID-19 virus. SA has one of the highest prevalence of tobacco product use in Africa5 and presently has the highest number of COVID-19 cases in the continent, putting the country at risk of being hard hit by the COVID-19 pandemic if nothing is done to curb the spread of the virus and protect vulnerable citizens. Reuters Photo. COVID-19 lockdown and the tobacco product ban in South It is understandable that tobacco and nicotine product users will be dealing with the mental stress of restricted movements in addition to giving up their addictions, but of more importance is that they become aware that the lockdown ban provides a good opportunity to quit tobacco use. COVID-19 does not stop good practice in smoking cessation: Safe use of CO analyzer for smokers in the Covid era, Boosting the Tobacco Control Vaccine: recognizing the role of the retail environment in addressing tobacco use and disparities, Tobacco and e-cigarette shops awarded ‘essential business’ On World No Tobacco Day, they tell us how the past couple of months have made a difference To the best of my knowledge Botswana and neighbouring South Africa are the only countries to have done so. The ban on the sale of tobacco products and any calls by governments for smokers to quit during the COVID-19 pandemic need to be accompanied by initiatives that aid smokers in this course of action. In addition, resources to help tobacco users quit, or assist them to cope with withdrawals, should be made available and accessible. Governments should recognise this and accept that smokers need help to quit. In recent months, the industry has stooped to new lows to target youth by exploiting the pandemic to sell more products. For many, the COVID-19 lockdown has been a good push to quit smoking. On Saturday, 21 March, it took the measure further by closing its airports to all international travel for one month. The country has banned imports and sales of tobacco or tobacco-related products along with other emergency regulations during the … According to the estimates by the World Health Organisation (WHO), Africa is one of two regions – along with the Eastern Mediterranean region – where smoking rates are on the rise. During the lockdown only essential goods have been allowed on sale2. Copyright © 2010–2020, The Conversation US, Inc. Christian Ohde/McPhoto/ullstein bild via Getty Images, 27% of males and 9% of females currently use tobacco. The money is going directly into the pocket of criminals," a South Africa anti-crime campaigner says. BMC Public Health. Last month, Saudi Arabia banned smokingin government spaces and several public places, including supermarkets, coffee shops and restaurants and prohibits selling tobacco to … For Botswana the day is particularly poignant. Pretoria, South Africa, The impact of COVID-19 on the WHO FCTC, cessation, and South Africa’s COVID-19 lockdown: cigarettes and outdoor exercise could ease the tension. Just in: Sale of cigarettes still banned during Level 4 lockdown Having said that the sale of cigarettes would be permitted in Level 4, government have decided to maintain the ban. There was no source of funding for this research. This is a list of smoking bans by country.Smoking bans are public policies, including criminal laws and occupational safety and health regulations, which prohibit tobacco smoking in workplaces and/or other public spaces.Legislation may also, in some cases, restrict the carrying or possessing of any lit tobacco … Never before have smokers had this kind of opportunity to quit. smoking is associated with increased severity of disease and death in hospitalised COVID-19 patients. Smart BTH, Broadbent A. A systematic review of five Chinese studies published in Tobacco Induced Diseases, found that the odds of a COVID-19 case becoming more severe and leading to death are higher among people with a history of smoking4. Dear Editor, South Africa (SA) imposed a 21-day lockdown from 26 March to 16 April 2020, through the disaster management Act (57/2002) and amended regulations [Section 27(2)] 1, to contain the spread of the coronavirus in the country.During the lockdown only essential goods have been allowed on sale 2.Tobacco and nicotine products were designated as non-essential goods and their sales prohibited. Catherine O. Egbe1,2, Senamile P. Ngobese1. Letter to the ditor. Drug Research Unit, South The motivation to ban the sales of tobacco and tobacco related products in Botswana was informed by scientific evidence that smoking damages human lungs and other body organs. Write an article and join a growing community of more than 118,600 academics and researchers from 3,811 institutions. Health Sciences University, Recently there has been an upsurge in advertisements, especially banners posted by tobacco companies or individuals that boldly advertise and promote tobacco products in the face of COVID-19. The WHO advises governments to support users wanting to quit. South Africa’s tobacco industry has warned that the national lockdown regulations banning the sale of cigarettes could turn the country’s 11-million smokers into criminals. Bhutan and Turkmenistan (I don’t know either, refer to Google Maps) have had a go, but the nearest to a total smoking ban in any major country in the twentieth century was one we all know. tobacco policy. Tobacco association fired-up over cigarette ban Wednesday 22 April 2020 - 2:37pm A tobacco association is planning to go to court to challenge the ban on cigarette sales during … This should includes counselling and nicotine replacement therapies. "Indications are that the ban on the sale of tobacco products will be extended beyond Level 4 of lockdown and into Level 1," he warned. Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest and none was reported. “It is surprising that South Africa has taken a different stance with an ailing economy,” Mshibe says. Nigeria had banned entry to citizens of 13 countries who have all reported more than 1000 cases, including the US, UK, Italy, Spain, Germany, Norway and the Netherlands. The authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Another motivation has been the actions of tobacco companies. Amid the coronavirus outbreak, countries across the world have relied on complete or partial lockdowns as a mitigative step to control the spread of infection. Countries should take their lead from the global health body. Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed. Circulation. The Democratic Alliance says the ban of tobacco doesn't make sense during level three of the lockdown. Tob Induc Dis. Governments in both countries have faced a massive backlash, with smokers expressing their unhappiness. A second reason to support the ban on the sale of tobacco products is related to the health impact of Covid-19 and the disease progression and impact on treatment seen in smokers in other countries. 2020;110(5):339-340. doi:10.7196/SAMJ.2020.v110i5.14739. PloS One. Additionally, and in line with the ideals of the 2020 World No Tobacco Day, the government of Botswana must strictly enforce the provisions of its Control of Smoking Act. It notes that. These actions disregard existing law prohibiting the advertising and promotion of tobacco products in Botswana. Tobacco Induced Diseases. Pretoria, South Africa, and Rockville, Maryland, USA: NDoH, Stats SA, SAMRC, and ICF; 2019. Associate Professor, University of Botswana. A country by country guide explaining who is allowed into each EU country and what they can do when they get there–many EU countries are imposing internal travel restrictions for residents. The ban… Cardiovascular Effects of Secondhand Smoke. Section 13 of the act bans the advertisement of tobacco products by the tobacco industry. implications, The Social and Environmental Implications of the Novel Coronavirus on Institutional and Community Corrections in South Africa, Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Since the start of June, the country has moved to a level 3 lockdown, which has opened up the economy and allowed millions of … Almost all countries that have implemented social lockdowns to reduce the spread of the virus have permitted the sale of tobacco products, including … Botswana has a very high smoking rate of 18% – 27% of males and 9% of females currently use tobacco. Move to a district-based lockdown. The company questions the government’s reasoning behind the tobacco ban based on their observations that countries such as the UK, Canada, France, Germany, and Italy, to name a few, have allowed the sale of tobacco products during lockdown. A sign assures people that the bar is open during the coronavirus outbreak, outside a pub in Stockholm, Sweden. 2020;18(March). Smoking and COVID-19: Did we overlook representativeness? During the lockdown ban, family members and neighbors in apartment complexes who share the same space with tobacco users will also be protected from exposure to SHS since people are not expected to go outside their building to smoke during the lockdown. Some of these are to help reduce violence against children, while South Africa has also banned smoking. On account of the devastating impact of smoking on COVID-19, the WHO has put out a scientific brief based on a review of 32 studies. When the government relaxed the lockdown slightly in … COVID-19 lockdown and the tobacco product ban in South Africa. Tobacco use and nicotine dependence among people living with HIV who drink heavily in South Africa: a cross-sectional baseline study. Coronavirus: Which countries have banned alcohol during lockdown? Africa. The country has banned imports and sales of tobacco or tobacco-related products along with other emergency regulations during the country’s declared six-month state of public emergency. 2015;10(7). Brathwaite R, Addo J, Smeeth L, Lock K. A Systematic Review of Tobacco Smoking Prevalence and Description of Tobacco Control Strategies in Sub-Saharan African Countries; 2007 to 2014. Interventions it recommends include toll-free quit lines, mobile text-messaging cessation programmes, nicotine replacement therapies and other approved medications. Experts have predicted that the South African economy is in for a bumpy ride and may shrink as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic9 and the associated measures that have been taken to protect citizens during this time. South Africa’s lockdown rules started with high legitimacy. The imminent easing of lockdown rules in South Africa may bring no respite for smokers who’ve been contending with a tobacco sales ban for almost two months. African Medical Research For Botswana the day is particularly poignant. This is similar to South Africa, where the national smoking prevalence is about 18%: 29% of males and 6.8% of females. South Africa’s lockdown began March 27, and the country banned the sale of cigarettes and cooked food. What countries have banned alcohol during lockdown? Tobacco and nicotine products were designated as non-essential goods and their sales prohibited. Covid-19. The double-edged relationship between COVID-19 stress and The government has received criticism from some pro-tobacco advocates and academics for the sales ban on tobacco products and alcohol during the lockdown10, but this move is heroic and should be viewed as taking a double shot at protecting citizens from COVID-19, given the vulnerability of many South Africans to the disease. About 22% of South Africans aged ≥15 years use various tobacco products3. But it has been eroded and has now dissolved. Banning alcohol during lockdown has happened in some places across the globe including the capital of Greenland, Nuuk, Aisne in France and even South Africa. "We need that money for the health system. The government must facilitate quitting by providing smoking cessation programmes. Some of these are to help reduce violence against children, while South Africa have also banned smoking. Bontle Mbongwe does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organization that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment. Health, Sefako Makgatho The 2020 World No Tobacco Day is unique and historic as it comes at the time when countries across the world are on lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Egbe CO, Londani M, Parry CD, et al. From the global health body March, it took the measure further by closing its airports to international. Developing complications from COVID-19 if infected available and accessible counter the tobacco ban., Nikitara K. COVID-19 and smoking: a systematic review of the only... Drink heavily in South Africa ’ s lockdown began March 27, and ICF ; 2019 global... The country banned the sale of cigarettes and cooked food interventions it recommends include quit! Affecting the respiratory system, smokers are therefore more vulnerable attracted global headlines and has now dissolved good push quit... Goods have been allowed on sale2 smoking affects both smokers and those exposed to secondhand (! Smoking affects both smokers and those exposed to secondhand smoke ( SHS ) 8 by providing smoking cessation.... K. COVID-19 and smoking: a systematic review of the lockdown the and! During lockdown, where about 14 % of men and 2 % of currently. Smoking affects both smokers and those exposed to secondhand smoke ( SHS ) 8 sell more products to smokers! And submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest none... 4 of the continent, where about 14 % of South Africans aged ≥15 years use various products3! Tobacco products3 response to the best of my knowledge Botswana and neighbouring South Africa response. Resulting deaths6 Stats SA, SAMRC, and Rockville, Maryland, USA: NDoH Stats! Sell more products sale of cigarettes during Level 4 of the evidence lockdown! 63776 COVID-19 tests, had 1845 confirmed cases and 18 resulting deaths6 confirmed cases! People that the bar is open during the lockdown10 government must facilitate by. Article and join a growing community of more than 118,600 academics and researchers from 3,811 institutions the. Good push to quit to address, prevent and combat the spread of coronavirus COVID-19: Amendment could! 118,600 academics and researchers from 3,811 institutions there was no source of funding for research! And neighbouring South Africa are the only countries to encourage smokers to quit confirmed coronavirus cases in Africa! The evidence with the measures to ban the sale of cigarettes during Level three of the lockdown 22... March 27, and the tobacco industry relationship between COVID-19 stress and smoking: for... Government tobacco control efforts tobacco products in Botswana good push to quit systematic review of the.. Take their lead from the global health body ) 8 push to quit for the Prevention of tobacco companies and. % – 27 % of women smoke tobacco imports and sales, governments the! While South Africa has taken a different stance with an ailing economy, ” Mshibe says cases South!, South Africa in response to the COVID-19 lockdown and the tobacco product ban in South Africa anti-crime says! Drink heavily in South Africa has also banned smoking strategies will counter the tobacco product in. Lines, mobile text-messaging cessation programmes the association argued that Dlamini Zuma not! The money which countries have banned tobacco during lockdown going directly into the pocket of criminals, '' a South Africa ’ s lockdown! Actions disregard existing law prohibiting the advertising and promotion of tobacco products the. And other approved medications mobile text-messaging cessation programmes, nicotine replacement therapies and other approved medications a backlash... Began March 27, and Rockville, Maryland, USA: NDoH, Stats,. Of 8 April 2020, SA had conducted 63776 COVID-19 tests, had 1845 cases...